With the fall of Muammar Gaddafi’s 41-year dictatorship in Libya,the year of Arab revolutions has taken a game-changing turn,not just for the peoples of the region seeking systematic and large-scale political change –but for geopolitics at a global level. As Libya now joins Egypt and Tunsia helping their fellow sisters Syria,Yemen,Bahrain,Jordan and Palestine overthrow their dictators.
Originally published as: The Libya Revolution;What Now?
Regardless of the outcome of the Libyan Revolution,their are still important aspects and factors that need to be considered and are questionable.
Will their be a New Libya?
Will the Libyans finally achieve what they longed for?
Will the Western World involve itself and control Libya?
And Are the deaths of many really worth it?
It is time for the Libyan people to celebrate the end of a four-decade dictatorship. Once they sober up from the jubilations of their well-deserved victory,however,they will discover this is only the beginning.
Gaddafi has undermined,marginalised or obliterated many of the state institutions,including the military,and destroyed the political parties –indeed,political life in the country. There is much to restore and more to build from scratch. Security,reconstruction and political transition are only a few of the challenges they will face sooner rather than later. More importantly,they will need to manage expectations of those who have given their all for liberty,freedom and prosperity.
And judging from what we have seen over the past 10 or so months,there is much to celebrate in terms of building a steering council and creating locally based revolutionary groups from the bottom up that have been well coordinated and largely disciplined. Having said that,there is no need for alarm. Not yet any way. It’s easy,even clichéd,to be pessimistic,even negative,about the post-revolutionary challenge. What is needed is optimism anchored in reality.Western leaders need to wipe that smug look from their faces and make sure not to gloat about doing the Arabs any favours.
Western powers have much to make up for:They inserted themselves in the Libyan revolution after Gaddafi made genocidal threats against his people,but their interference was not necessarily motivated by humanitarian ends,rather more of the same geopolitics that led to befriending Gaddafi,Ben Ali and Mubarak in the first place.I believe the western world,especially America do not really care about the people,they care about the oil. Once they get their hands on Libyan oil.
The rest is history. Certainly the NATO aerial bombardment did help,but this was a revolutionaries’ victory par excellence. The battle was won first and foremost in the hearts of the Libyans,just as with the Egyptians and Tunisians before them.
The World had set their eyes on the Libyans,and watched how they took city by city finally advancing into Tripoli and making History,that had shocked the world. Although I saw it coming. In my opinion Gaddafi was hopeless,even from the beginning. Once the Rebels had set their eyes on over throwing their dictator,I knew it would happen. Arresting three of Gaddafi’s sons as Libyan citizens broke into Gaddafi’s home and taking his possessions. A man was seen wearing Gaddafi’s necklace as others were climbing on buildings waving the Libyan Flag all over Libya. A rich patriotic them running through the whole country,and the Arab World.
As the Libyan Rebels had taken over Tripoli,the Yemenis were in celebration,waving the Libyan Flag and chanting slogans “Yes Libya,you have done it” in Arabic,and Libyans chanting slogans such as “Syria we will help you” and “Bashar your next”
The Arab Revolutions is slowly bringing the Arabs together. And when the Arabs stand together,nothing can stop them. The Western World still exists in countries such as Saudi Arabia &Bahrain,but only time will tell,and the outcome,is pretty evident.
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