What Education Is Needed To Become A Football Player A Look Into Brain Drain and Brain Gain in Africa

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A Look Into Brain Drain and Brain Gain in Africa

Brain drain is destroying Africa. Most of the skilled and talented citizens are leaving the continent for Western Europe and North America. While some choose to play sports, many have made these areas their home and do business in some of the most important areas of our modern civilization. And they don’t come back.

A recent survey of the health sector in Nigeria shows that the country is underserved by its medical workforce mainly due to the emigration of its doctors abroad. So, while many medical schools graduate thousands of doctors, the nation loses the best of these experts every year. Unfortunately, the story is the same in all parts of sub-Saharan Africa, and it has become a continental tragedy.

African football leagues (yes football) have been destroyed by the movement of our talented players to Europe. Local games are rarely attended and not much fun for locals. African European players are disproportionately more popular and richer than their counterparts who play in Africa. In most national teams, up to 90% of players play internationally.

In the field of engineering, most of the best students are attracted to receive scholarships for postgraduate studies in the United States. These students should be the future technical leaders of the continent. After graduation, they are lured by jobs and good prospects abroad and spend their working lives outside Africa.

The migration of skilled workers from developing countries to developed countries in search of better opportunities in business, education, work, etc. is well documented. Many scholars, from the World Bank to the IMF to countless non-governmental organizations, have discussed this trend. There is no shortage of theoretical exams; what is missing is a solution to this problem.

So what can the continent do? Quite simply, we can use the power of technology to reduce the effects of brain drain. There are many technologies and strategies that Africa, and indeed all developing countries facing brain drain, can use to turn brain drain into brain gain. It is important to understand how these nations can develop infrastructures to communicate and collaborate with these diaspora people for their national development. And technology could be the solution.

Understandably, Africa prefers the physical presence of these experts in its nations. Unfortunately, some of them work in fields that are not widespread in Africa. For those who are experts in genetic engineering, robotics, etc., they can discover limited possibilities at home. Also, there is the possibility of “degradation” when someone moves from the seat of ideas to stay in the corners. In other words, telling an MIT microelectronics professor to move to Kenya and practice means he could be far behind his peers in the US in five years. And his professional value is reduced instead of appreciated.

So, the continent should follow the paradigm that they need to keep these experts abroad and possibly contribute to their home nations. A physical presence, while useful, is not really necessary unless the technologies and policies exist to facilitate interaction between them and these nations.

The challenge will be to understand how technology can narrow the problems of brain drain and turn them into brain benefits, as these experts continue to develop their skills in developed countries and share and interact with their counterparts in the original countries using the right tools. self We need technology strategies that can connect people across borders and help modernize national programs in health, education, research, training, and more.

Comprehensive research on contemporary issues of technologies and strategies that can turn brain drain into brain gain is urgently needed in Africa. Based on the results of the research, we need to develop a road map at the continental level, driven by technology, to compensate for the knowledge imbalance caused by the brain drain. The plot should cover the following areas:

• The problem of brain drain in the 21st century

• Brain drain and globalization

• Evolution and opportunities in brain drain

• Distance and Internet education

• Technologies for telemedicine, security and technology management

• Application of Telepresence technologies in developing countries

• Brain drain economy, technological infrastructure and national policies

• Design and implementation of supporting technologies

• Legal and taxation issues for intercontinental workforce

• Open source technologies

• ICT technologies

• Distance cooperation in the field of research and education

• The role of networks and regional authorities in standardization, etc

Africa needs to work hard and invest resources to see how it can use technology to improve the quality of its education and health through tele-education and telemedicine. This requires considering the communication facilities in the continent and upgrading them accordingly. The African Union should consider mandating member states to have diaspora technology networks across regions to ensure a constant flow of information and ideas to be shared through quality networks, Telepresence and other video technologies. Universities should be the anchor of this initiative because they are the most important means of technology diffusion.

We need to find ways to get the experience of our citizens in foreign countries. It is time we look at the technology of this process rather than focusing on its academic aspects. As technologies break boundaries, we must take advantage and build Africa.

In short, the exodus of highly capable Africans to North America and Europe due to lack of institutional preparation at home should be seen as a threat to Africa’s prosperity and wealth. As they work in these host nations to improve their education, medicine, sports and other key areas, African governments must find ways to utilize these skills. Technologies are readily available and we have the ability to turn this brain drain into brain gain. It is about developing and deploying the right technology so that these diasporas are not asked to return to Africa, but stay in their adopted nations and support their homelands in education and training.

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